Global Education

Teacher resources to encourage a global
perspective across the curriculum

Poverty reduction

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  • Poor people fear being forced to leave their homes, built along Bassac River in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • A rugby sports carnival in South Africa builds skills and knowledge of the importance of education and HIV prevention for reducing poverty.
  • The Posyandu Sapi, or Baby Cow Clinic program is helping farmers improve stock and access to markets, increasing household income.
  • Monitoring babies' health and providing them with food and medicine improves life expectancy and helps break the cycle of poverty.
  • Every day, hundreds of washermen work in the open laundry in Mumbai, India. At night their wash slats become beds.
  • Group shot of young people with volunteer Pierre Johannessen in Bangladesh.
  • Open-air fruit and vegetable market in Honiara, Solomon Islands
  • A weather-monitoring station in Kiribati.
  • In rural villages in Laos, houses are built with walls of woven bamboo and have a grass thatched roof.
  • Slum housing is built along the polluted river, while modern housing is further away in Mumbai, India.
  • Apartments in Phnom Penh, Laos are built above a garage. They have electricity, running water and sewerage.
  • Linda Rau from Kila Kila Village Court, PNG, resolves disputes and builds understanding of issues, particularly those affecting women.
  • Women learn financial skills through the WARA savings group and increase their confidence in participating more fully in the community.
  • A woman earns money by selling pineapples at the market in Honiara, Solomon Islands.
  • Women learn about putting money aside for future needs in their savings club meetings in rural Solomon Islands.
  • Women leaders record deposits of the WARA savings club members in rural Solomon Islands and keep them safe for deposit in Honiara.
  • A woman harvests chillies in her garden.
  • A woman collects eggs from her hen house while hens peck the surrounding ground.
  • Jangali Ram draws water from a tubewell in Bastipur, Nepal.
  • A woman uses a new village tap to wash clothes in Mactuff, Sri Lanka.
  • Mactuff village in Sri Lanka is home to 74 families with 300 people who work in the local tea plantation.
  • Trainee doctors educate people on the health benefits of good hygiene and sanitation in local villages in Timor Leste.
  • Taking fish to market in Solomon Islands.
  • Ganga Pun and her two daughters live in a single room in Pokhara, Nepal.
  • Selling pineapples from a boat on the river, Bangladesh.
  • Norsup Secondary School students enjoy the shade outside school on Malekula Island, Vanuatu.
  • Scientists work to improve food security in a laboratory at the International Livestock Research Institute in Nairobe, Kenya
  • The pock=marked walls of Udaiyarkaddu School in Sri Lanka damaged during the civil conflict.
  • A polling centre official explains how to vote in the South Sudan referendum.
  • Australian Scholarship recipient Commissioner of Police Ioeru Tokantetaake in Kiribati.
  • Students line up to compete kicking a ball at six skittles made from drink bottles containing sand. .
  • A midwife on the motorbike she uses to attend patients in remote communities in southern Myanmar.
  • Ten year old students in black and red costumes dance outside their school.
  • Calma Arcala stands in front of rolls of growing medium and behind bags of mushroom ready for sale.
  • At the Independent Centre for Journalism, young East Timorese women and men participate in education and training courses to produce quality news stories.
  • Indonesian school girls learning to play cricket.
  • A young man works in front of his temporary house on the side of a river polluted with garbage.
  • A young girl washes cooking utensils outside her home in Nepal.
  • First grade students during class at Norsup Primary School, Vanuatu.
  • Students from Kiriwaneliya Singla School in Sri Lanka use recycled material for counting.
  • A community worker talks to a group of woman who are waiting to collect their food ration at a food distribution point in Harare, Zimbabwe.
  • Official discusses farming techniques in a local community, Guizhongliaowang, China.
  • Patients lie in bed at a cholera treatment centre in Zimbabwe.
  • Women grow vegetables for their families in a communal garden in Zimbabwe.
  • Children wait to board a small boat back to Walla Island after attending school on Malakula Island.
  • Two Tongan girls keep healthy training to play in a netball competition.
  • A student feeds the chickens kept at his school in Solomon Islands.
  • A woman installs a bednet above her bed to reduce the chance of being infected with malaria in the Philippines.
  • Young men with disabilities use specially designed wheelchairs to play basketball in Timor-Leste.
  • Solomon Island women gather for the annual White Ribbon Day march in Honiara to highlight domestic violence in the country.
  • Two women use sewing machines to make clothes.

Quick facts

  • The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is 17 October. 
  • In developing regions, the proportion of people living on less than $1.25 a day
    fell from 47 per cent in 1990 to 22 per cent in 2010 to achieve the MDG five years ahead of schedule.
  • More than 80% of the world’s population lives in countries where income differentials are widening.
  • In developing regions, the proportion of children under age five who are underweight declined from one in three in 1990 to one in six in 2013.
  • Globally, 123 million youth (aged 15 to 24) lack basic reading and writing skills; 61% of them are young women.
  • 2.1 billion people have gained access to clean water since 1990 which is 89%,  up from 76% in1990.
  • An estimated 863 million people reside in slums in the developing world.
     

Sources

United Nations 2013 Millennium Development Report http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/reports.shtml
 

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Introduction

What is poverty?

According to the World Bank (2000), 'poverty is pronounced deprivation in wellbeing'. It means struggling to survive one day at a time. Poverty is hunger and not knowing where your next meal is coming from. Poverty is not having a home. It is being sick and dying from preventable diseases because you cannot pay for medicine or clean water. Poverty is not being able to read or go to school. Poverty is being unemployed and having little chance of getting a job. Poverty is lacking the power to change or influence decision-makers. Countries that are poor do not have the resources to invest in education, health, infrastructure, and legal systems so that all their citizens have their basic needs met. Poverty can lead to instability and civil unrest.

The complex web of factors that contribute to poverty means that weakening in one area affects other areas and people become trapped in a downward spiral or cycle of poverty. Illness means loss of income and inability to pay for healthcare; children are withdrawn from school and less able to obtain a well-paid job.

How is poverty measured?

There are many ways of trying to represent the economic, social and environmental aspects of poverty, but each has limitations. Collecting data to measure poverty is complicated and costly, so accuracy and comparisons between countries may not be reliable. Some commonly used methods of measuring poverty follow.

GDP per capita PPP US$

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita Purchasing Price Parity (PPP) in US dollars is one of the most common ways to measure a country's wealth or poverty. GDP, which measures the value of the goods and services that a country produces, is divided by the population and adjusted to a unit of US dollars that reflects the same purchasing power (PPP) across countries. It gives a rough dollar figure of wealth per person.

A limitation of this method is that all money spent, including on items that may be 'negative' such as gambling or the clean-up of environmental damage, is reflected in the total spending. Also the figure does not reflect the costs of unpaid labour, natural resources such as water, and the impact on the environment.

This method of measuring poverty gives no indication of the spread of income or the gap between rich and poor within a nation and it cannot be used for comparisons between countries with different consumption patterns.

It also does not measure people's standard of living. Subsistence farmers may be able to provide for most of their material needs but would have a very low GDP per capita.

Population below US$1.25 per day 

Another way to measure poverty is by the percentage of the population whose income or consumption falls below the poverty line. This may be defined differently in different countries due to the cost of providing basic requirements. In 1990, the figure of US$1.00 a day was chosen because it is typical of the poverty lines in low-income countries; this was increased to US$1.25 a day in 2005.

Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) expands the measurement of poverty beyond the economic, combining indicators of life expectancy at birth, educational attainment (adult literacy and school enrolment rates) and income per capita into a composite figure.

Who are the poor?

Rural and urban

People living in rural areas, away from markets and with poor roads, have limited opportunities to earn an income, and obtain healthcare and education. They are extremely dependent on natural resources for their livelihoods and are especially vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters. Rural poverty is pushing many people to move to the cities, which in poorer countries means a potential struggle to access adequate infrastructure and services. Urban poverty equates to inadequate housing, water and sanitation, electricity, education and healthcare, where many face the constant threat of eviction and are highly vulnerable to dangerous and exploitative work, disease and disaster.

Women and children

In most societies, women are likely to be poorer than men. Generally, they are unpaid for their domestic work and are paid less when employed. Often, cultural constraints mean that they have limited legal rights, less education, less say in community affairs, and limited access to land, credit and employment.

Many poor women are supporting their children in single-parent households. Poverty causes millions of preventable child deaths through hunger and disease each year. Millions of children miss out on school or are forced into child labour, causing lifelong damage to their minds and bodies, and continuing the cycle of poverty into the next generation.

Marginalised groups

Indigenous, aged, disabled and displaced people generally lack education and the social connections to earn an adequate income. In developing countries there are few social services to protect these groups.

How can poverty be reduced?

Poverty is a complex issue and needs to be tackled on a range of fronts including, but not limited to, improving economic growth. To alleviate poverty, countries must attain basic thresholds in several key areas: governance, health, education, infrastructure, debt levels and access to markets. Some of the ways this can be done are described below.

Aid and development

Economic aid, and technical or military assistance can assist countries to develop sound governance, effective infrastructure, quality healthcare and education services for skill development. As governments address poverty, their country becomes more able to attract foreign investment for commercial development.

Aid also assists community development, helping people to work together for shared improvements. Micro-enterprise, low-interest loans and training provide opportunities for men and women to undertake new and/or expanded ways to earn an income and greatly improve their economic and social welfare.

Debt relief

Debt relief assists developing countries to use their limited resources to invest in people and sound policies and practices for development. Debt relief may be in the form of buybacks, debt exchanges, debt service reduction, forgiveness, rescheduling and refinancing.

Private sector development

A dynamic private sector creates jobs and income as well as providing governments with tax revenues to fund services and infrastructure development. Private flows are about four times the size of aid flows; their role in development is crucial.

Trade

As countries sell their goods and services abroad they generate income for businesses and people as well as revenue for governments.

Developing countries need assistance to compete in the global economy, improving productivity, meeting international standards, overcoming trade barriers, raising investment capital and having skilled personnel and good policies.

Remittances

Remittances are an important source of income for families in developing countries who face limited employment prospects and ways of obtaining cash. A family member working overseas sends money (remittance) for use as the family needs.

Responses

Australia's response

The Australian Government’s aid program assists partner countries to reduce poverty by creating the economic and policy conditions that promote growth and, in time, reduce dependence on aid. Australia's aid programs support the strengthening of governance, public financial management, tax reform and social policy improvement.

Australia promotes shared and sustainable growth in the following key ways:

  • supporting partner countries to participate in the international trading system
  • improving the policy and regulatory environment to encourage domestic private-sector growth, including through improving poor people's access to financial services and strengthening property rights
  • building capacity for effective governance, including sound public financial management
  • supporting increased investment and better management of infrastructure to boost productivity and rural development to help make growth more inclusive
  • investing in health and education to support a healthy and well-educated workforce
  • addressing environmental challenges through focusing on environmental sustainability, climate change adaptation, and water and sanitation.

Australian Aid, Aid issues

International responses

The United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) committed the international community to an expanded vision of development and poverty reduction, one that promotes human development as the key to sustaining social and economic progress in all countries through global partnerships.

Around the world hundreds of millions of people have been lifted out of poverty. Forty million more children are going to school, many of them girls. Life expectancy is improving. Three million more children are surviving beyond their fifth birthday, and there have been important steps in the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis.

However not all of the MDGs are on track. There have been setbacks caused by factors such as the global recession, high food and fuel prices and natural disasters. Progress has also been uneven within and between countries.

Live Below the Line 
Make Poverty History
United Nations Millennium Development Goals
UNDP Poverty Reduction
World Bank, Poverty 
 

 

Teaching activity

Measuring Millennium Development Goals progress

Millennium Development Goals icons for all eight goals
Students use real world data from the Millennium Development Goals targets and indicators to calculate fractions, decimals, percentages and ratios to determine progress.
Read more
Year level: 7-8
Issue: Education, Food security, Health, Poverty reduction, Water and sanitation

Microfinance

Women leaders record deposits of the WARA savings club members in rural Solomon Islands and keep them safe for deposit in Honiara.
Students use mathematical skills to develop understanding of the poverty cycle and critically evaluate how borrowing to run a small business, microfinance, works.
Read more
Year level: 5-6
Issue: Poverty reduction
Country: Australia, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Solomon Islands

My place, your place

Poor people fear being forced to leave their homes, built along Bassac River in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
Students explore why it is important to have a home, and reflect on what is essential for adequate housing. They investigate different styles of housing around the world and develop an awareness of environmental, cultural and economic factors that influence the kinds of homes people have.
Read more
Year level: F-2
Issue: Poverty reduction, Cultural diversity

Poverty and urbanisation

Slum housing is built along the polluted river, while modern housing is further away in Mumbai, India.
With high birth rates and rural exodus, cities are rapidly expanding with over half the world’s people now living there. Students explore the patterns of urbanisation throughout the world and analyse issues that impact on children’s lives in urban settings.
Read more
Year level: 7-8
Issue: Poverty reduction
Country: India, Philippines

Probability and pancakes

A woman bakes flat bread on a fuel efficient stove in Tilonia in north-east India.
Students read Mama Panya's Pancakes to gain insights into other ways of life and explore probability, fractions and measurement.
Read more
Year level: 3-4
Issue: Cultural diversity, Food security, Poverty reduction

Tourism and development

The steep Haa Valley in western Bhutan looks toward the snow-capped Himalayas.
Students examine the positive and negative effects of tourism in Australia and Bhutan using a case study and statistics to examine social, environmental and economic changes. They examine how varying approaches to tourism can support positive development and limit the negative effects. They reflect on their own future behaviour.
Read more
Year level: 9-10
Issue: Cultural diversity, Globalisation, Poverty reduction
Country: Australia, Bhutan

Case studies

Batik cooperative empowers women

Sukini from Gulurejo, Indonesia, learns new skills at a batik workshop and shares her ideas as part of a cooperative.
A batik cooperative in Gulurejo village in Indonesia has developed new practices and improved the women members’ livelihoods.
Read more

Maternal health in Nepal

A female health worker checks another woman's blood pressure.
A holistic and coordinated approach to maternal health in Nepal has drastically improved the lives of mothers and children.
Read more

Rebuilding Sri Lanka

A Tamil woman stands inside the shell of her bombed out home in northern Sri Lanka.
In 2009, after 26 years of civil conflict, peace was declared in Sri Lanka. The government and many organisations are now assisting people to return to their homes, and are helping to rehabilitate soldiers, reconstruct the economy and reconcile differences between and within ethnic communities.
Read more

Tourism for development in Bhutan

The steep Haa Valley in western Bhutan looks toward the snow-capped Himalayas.
The tiny kingdom of Bhutan is trying to balance maintaining its traditional cultures with the improvements that connecting to the world can bring.
Read more

Women's microfinance lighting up the community

Women learn financial skills through the WARA savings group and increase their confidence in participating more fully in the community.
In rural Solomon Islands groups of women share knowledge, learn financial skills and develop leadership skills. They are investing in solar panels to improve life in the community.
Read more

Resources

A 'Silent Tsunami'

silent_tsunami cover
A 'Silent Tsunami': Global Food Security in the 21st Century (2008) booklet investigates the issue of food security, equity and sustainability.
Read more
Year level: 7-8,9-10
Issue: Australia's aid, Food security, Globalisation, Human rights, Poverty reduction
Country: Australia, Bangladesh

CARE Australia

CARE Australia is an independent member of the CARE International aid network. It is a non-political, non-religious overseas relief and development organisation. CARE undertakes projects that focus on fighting global poverty, with a special emphasis on the empowerment of women and girls. The CARE website provides case studies and suggestions for learning more about global poverty and for taking action.

https://www.care.org.au/

Caritas Australia

Caritas Australia is a Catholic agency for international aid and development. It is part of the international Caritas network that supports aid and grassroots programs in communities throughout the world, including Indigenous communities in Australia. The Caritas Australia website provides information about the organisation's projects, education programs, campaigns and fundraising activities.

http://www.caritas.org.au

Case studies of Cambodian farmers and farm workers

Although not designed as a teaching resource, this collection of 18 case studies of Cambodian farmers and rural workers provides valuable information about the social and economic skills, costs and pressures of making a living through agriculture. It includes specific costs, land area and an evaluation of future plans.

http://aid.dfat.gov.au/Publications/Documents/cambodia/app_F.pdf

Common Threads

Plan International Australia's 'Common Threads: Weaving Child Rights into Global Education' is an Australian Curriculum–aligned teacher's guide for teaching young people aged 10–13 years. Common Threads has three modules: Exploring rights, Child poverty and Exploring the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Each module gives teachers a succinct outline of the topic in a global and an Australian context, reflective questions and useful references for going further. Lesson plans have activity sheets and videos to engage students. This well-structured print resource can be downloaded for free from the Plan website.

http://www.plan.org.au/Learn/Learning-Resources/Common-Threads.aspx

Developing Global Citizens CD-ROM

Developing global citizens CD image
The Developing Global Citizens (2010) CD-ROM integrates global perspectives into five primary and five secondary units of work using multimedia.
Read more
Year level: 3-4,5-6,7-8,9-10
Issue: Australia's aid, Environment, Food security, Globalisation, Human rights, Poverty reduction

Dying to Go to the Toilet

Dying to go to the toilet icon
The Dying to Go to the Toilet: The Sanitation Challenge (2008) booklet develops knowledge and understanding about the issues of sanitation and its importance in delivering outcomes for Millennium Development Goal 7.
Read more
Year level: 7-8,9-10
Issue: Australia's aid, Environment, Poverty reduction, Water and sanitation
Country: Bangladesh, Timor-Leste, Papua New Guinea

End the cycle of poverty and disability

This website is developed by CBM who work with people with a disability in developing countries. It includes videos, stories and information pages to develop understanding about ending the cycle of poverty, particularly for people with disabilities in Bangladesh, Cambodia and the Solomon Islands. There are five lesson plans for upper primary students exploring themes of exclusion, education and advocacy.

http://www.endthecycle.org.au/

Food for All

food_for_all_cover
The Food for All (2008) booklet introduces teachers to factors contributing to food security for all people.
Read more
Year level: 5-6,7-8
Issue: Australia's aid, Food security, Globalisation, Human rights, Poverty reduction
Country: Australia

Forests: A Global Perspective

Forests a global perspective cover
The Forests: A Global Perspective (2011) booklet uses information, maps, graphs, photographs, and data to develop understanding about forests, the uses made of them and the actions taken to manage them sustainably.
Read more
Year level: 7-8,9-10
Issue: Australia's aid, Environment, Food security, Globalisation, Human rights, Poverty reduction
Country: Australia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Vietnam

Global Development Quiz

The Global Development Quiz uses the Gapminder World graph’s animated statistics to explore issues such as global health, the effects of HIV, population growth and carbon dioxide emissions. It develops numeracy skills and is suitable for year 7–10 students in history and geography and is supported by a teacher guide.

http://www.gapminder.org/downloads/global-development-quiz

Global dimension

The Global Dimension website, funded by the education charity Think Global in the UK, provides access to teaching resources, case studies and background information. Resources can be searched by a number of criteria including learning area, topic, year level and price range. Access is through free registration and you can sign up for a quarterly newsletter.

http://globaldimension.org.uk

Global Perspectives

Global Perspectives booklet cover
The Global Perspectives: A Framework for Global Education in Australian Schools (2008) booklet is a concise, practical and philosophical guide to including a global perspective across the curriculum.
Read more
Year level: F-2,3-4,5-6,7-8,9-10,11-12
Issue: Australia's aid, Environment, Human rights, Peace building, Poverty reduction

Just Like Me?

International Needs Australia's Just Like Me? is a teaching resource for years 3–6. It uses inquiry sequences and videos of children in rural India, Ghana and Uganda to explore topics such as work, contributions to the family, travel and getting around, housing conditions, income, gender equality, education and water.

http://www.justlikeme.org.au

Lifelines

Lifelines is a short film with supporting teacher materials which gives a portrait of village life in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It tells the story of one man's efforts juggling responsibilities and fighting for dream, both for himself and for his community.

http://www.lifelinesfilm.com/

Lifting the Lid

Lifting the lid cover
Lifting the Lid: A Teaching Resource for Primary Teachers for the International Year of Sanitation (2008) is packed with useful background information, case studies and teaching activities exploring the importance of sanitation.
Read more
Year level: 3-4,5-6
Issue: Australia's aid, Environment, Poverty reduction, Water and sanitation
Country: Timor-Leste, Indonesia, Philippines

Live Below the Line

The Live Below the Line campaign aims to change the way people think about poverty by challenging them to live on the equivalent of the extreme poverty line for five days. Its website has information about poverty and the programs it supports with funds raised.

https://www.livebelowtheline.com/

Looking at Forests

Looking at forests cover
The Looking at Forests (2011) booklet of information and activities develops knowledge and understanding about forests at a local, national and global level.
Read more
Year level: 5-6,7-8
Issue: Environment, Food security, Globalisation, Poverty reduction
Country: Australia, Indonesia

Make Poverty History

The Make Poverty History campaign is a coalition of development organisations, faith groups and celebrities who advocate for global change through supporting trade justice, debt forgiveness and improved volumes of aid in order to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. The site contains links to educational resources, videos and publications.

http://www.makepovertyhistory.com.au/

Maternal health and child survival

The Maternal health and child survival kit produced by UNICEF and Girl Guides (2013) explores MDGs 4 and 5 maternal health and child survival. Upper primary and lower secondary students can learn about the issue, practice their advocacy skills and raise funds for Unicef projects.

http://www.unicef.org.au/downloads/Education/Girl-Guides-2013/Girl-Guides-Final-Activity-Kit.aspx

Microfinance

microfinance cd image
The Microfinance: A Global Education Resource (2005) CD-ROM introduces the concept of microcredit as a tool for reducing poverty.
Read more
Year level: 3-4,5-6,7-8,9-10
Issue: Australia's aid, Poverty reduction
Country: Indonesia

One Hen: microfinance for kids

This website developed by Opportunity International contains a variety of lesson plans, videos and quizzes based around microfinance in Ghana. Aimed at primary students, it develops an understanding of microfinance through the story of Kojo who receives a small loan to buy a hen. Kojo moves gradually from poverty to wellbeing to provider, creating opportunities for others as he does so. There is a link to the related picture storybook One Hen: How One Small Loan Made a Big Difference.

http://onehen.opportunity.org

Oxfam

Oxfam Australia is an independent, secular, community-based aid and development organisation, which is affiliated with Oxfam International. It promotes social justice and poverty alleviation through campaigning, education and advocacy. Its website includes exploration of current issues, a range of actions for change and resources for teachers.

http://www.oxfam.org.au

Plan

Plan in Australia is part of Plan International, a children's development organisation working in fifty countries. Its programs equip communities with the tools and skills to overcome poverty. Its website provides information about poverty and children's rights, education materials and copies of the annual report series The State of the World's Girls.

http://www.plan.org.au

Respect my rights

Amnesty International's website Respect My Rights engages upper secondary students to learn about human rights violations that deepen poverty. There are two interactive learning journeys featuring engaging graphics, choices and information. The first is 'The poverty trap', which explores the options of someone living in poverty. The second is 'The housing journey', which explores what it means to live in adequate housing. Users can add their comments to the scrapbook page.

http://respectmyrights.org

Send my friend to school

Send My Friend to School is developed by the UK coalition of the Global Campaign for Education. Free lesson plans, activities, films based in Tanzania, Nigeria and India, as well as an online animation and a game, bring to life the great importance of education in addressing poverty. The resources are suitable for primary and secondary students.

http://www.sendmyfriend.org

The Poverty Priority

Cover for The Poverty Priority publication
The Poverty Priority, A secondary school Geography teaching resource for Years 7 to 10 (2014) has four global education inquiries relating to themes of community, urbanisation, trade and wellbeing.
Read more
Year level: 7-8,9-10
Issue: Poverty reduction
Country: Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan

Thinking Globally

Thinking globally cover
Thinking Globally: Global Perspectives in the Early Years Classroom (2008) provides a detailed description of teaching with a global perspective through cross-curricular activities and multimedia.
Read more
Year level: F-2,3-4
Issue: Australia's aid, Environment, Poverty reduction, Human rights, Peace building
Country: Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vietnam

UNDP Poverty Reduction

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) poverty reduction work addresses poverty through a range of inclusive cooperative development strategies. Its annual Human Development Report and country reports are valuable sources of up-to-date information and data to inform poverty reduction.

http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/ourwork/povertyreduction/overview.html

UNICEF

UNICEF works in countries around the world to promote and protect the rights of children. Its programs support child health and nutrition, provision of clean water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence and exploitation. Its website provides copies of its annual publication The State of the World’s Children, education materials and suggestions of ways to be involved in poverty alleviation.

http://www.unicef.org.au

What Matters Most?

What matters most cover
What Matters Most? Exploring Poverty with Upper Primary Students (2014) booklet helps us move beyond a simplistic understanding of poverty with engaging activities and stories of hope.
Read more
Year level: 5-6
Issue: Poverty reduction
Country: Afghanistan, Australia, Indonesia, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Thailand

World Bank, Poverty

The Poverty section of the World Bank website has a collection of research, statistics, videos and interactive maps that have a regional and country focus.

http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty

World Vision

World Vision is a Christian relief, development and advocacy organisation dedicated to working with children, families and communities to overcome poverty and injustice. Its website provides information on global issues, responses to these, actions for change, and resources for learning.

http://www.worldvision.com.au

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Poor people fear being forced to leave their homes, built along Bassac River in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
Photo by Tim Acker for AusAID
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Poor people fear being forced to leave their homes, built along Bassac River in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Photo by Tim Acker for AusAID
A rugby sports carnival in South Africa builds skills and knowledge of the importance of education and HIV prevention for reducing poverty.
Photo by Jo Elsom for AusAID
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A rugby sports carnival in South Africa builds skills and knowledge of the importance of education and HIV prevention for reducing poverty. Photo by Jo Elsom for AusAID
The Posyandu Sapi, or Baby Cow Clinic program is helping farmers improve stock and access to markets, increasing household income.
Photo by Josh Estey for AusAID
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The Posyandu Sapi, or Baby Cow Clinic program is helping farmers improve stock and access to markets, increasing household income. Photo by Josh Estey for AusAID
Monitoring babies' health and providing them with food and medicine improves life expectancy and helps break the cycle of poverty.
Photo by Kate Holt/Africa Practice
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Monitoring babies' health and providing them with food and medicine improves life expectancy and helps break the cycle of poverty. Photo by Kate Holt/Africa Practice
Every day, hundreds of washermen work in the open laundry in Mumbai, India. At night their wash slats become beds.
Photo by Dirk Guinan for AusAID
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Every day, hundreds of washermen work in the open laundry in Mumbai, India. At night their wash slats become beds. Photo by Dirk Guinan for AusAID
Volunteer Pierre Johannessen shares his skill and uses basketball to engage young people and tackle youth poverty in Bangladesh.
Photo by Pierre Johannessen for DFAT
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Volunteer Pierre Johannessen shares his skill and uses basketball to engage young people and tackle youth poverty in Bangladesh. Photo by Pierre Johannessen for DFAT
Open-air fruit and vegetable market in Honiara, Solomon Islands
Photo by Rob Maccoll for AusAID
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Open-air fruit and vegetable market in Honiara, Solomon Islands Photo by Rob Maccoll for AusAID
A weather-monitoring station in Kiribati has equipment for measuring wind speed and direction and temperature of air and sea.
Photo by Jodi Gatfield for DFAT
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A weather-monitoring station in Kiribati has equipment for measuring wind speed and direction and temperature of air and sea. Photo by Jodi Gatfield for DFAT
In rural villages in Laos, houses are built with walls of woven bamboo and have a grass thatched roof.
AusAID
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In rural villages in Laos, houses are built with walls of woven bamboo and have a grass thatched roof. AusAID
Slum housing is built along the polluted river, while modern housing is further away in Mumbai, India.
Photo by Dirk Guinan for AusAID
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Slum housing is built along the polluted river, while modern housing is further away in Mumbai, India. Photo by Dirk Guinan for AusAID
Apartments in Phnom Penh, Laos are built above a garage. They have electricity, running water and sewerage.
Photo by Linny Heng / Flickr
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Apartments in Phnom Penh, Laos are built above a garage. They have electricity, running water and sewerage. Photo by Linny Heng / Flickr
Linda Rau from Kila Kila Village Court, PNG, resolves disputes and builds understanding of issues, particularly those affecting women.
Photo by DFAT
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Linda Rau from Kila Kila Village Court, PNG, resolves disputes and builds understanding of issues, particularly those affecting women. Photo by DFAT
Women learn financial skills through the WARA savings group and increase their confidence in participating more fully in the community.
Joanna Brislane, IWDA
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Women learn financial skills through the WARA savings group and increase their confidence in participating more fully in the community. Joanna Brislane, IWDA
A woman earns money by selling pineapples at the market in Honiara, Solomon Islands.
Photo courtesy West 'Are' Are Rokotanikeni Association
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A woman earns money by selling pineapples at the market in Honiara, Solomon Islands. Photo courtesy West 'Are' Are Rokotanikeni Association
Women learn about putting money aside for future needs in their savings club meetings in rural Solomon Islands.
Photo courtesy West 'Are' Are Rokotanikeni Association
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Women learn about putting money aside for future needs in their savings club meetings in rural Solomon Islands. Photo courtesy West 'Are' Are Rokotanikeni Association
Women leaders record deposits of the WARA savings club members in rural Solomon Islands and keep them safe for deposit in Honiara.
Joanna Brislane, IWDA
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Women leaders record deposits of the WARA savings club members in rural Solomon Islands and keep them safe for deposit in Honiara. Joanna Brislane, IWDA
Nirangini has started a home garden which helps provide her family with nutritious food.
Viyan Fernando/Caritas Sri Lanka
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Nirangini has started a home garden which helps provide her family with nutritious food. Viyan Fernando/Caritas Sri Lanka
Through her small poultry business Nirangini is able to earn a good income and provide nutritious food for her family.
Viyan Fernando/Caritas Sri Lanka
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Through her small poultry business Nirangini is able to earn a good income and provide nutritious food for her family. Viyan Fernando/Caritas Sri Lanka
Jangali Ram draws water from a tubewell in Bastipur, Nepal.
Photo by Jim Holmes for DFAT
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Jangali Ram draws water from a tubewell in Bastipur, Nepal. Photo by Jim Holmes for DFAT
A woman uses a new village tap to wash clothes in Mactuff, Sri Lanka.
Photo by Conor Ashleigh for DFAT
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A woman uses a new village tap to wash clothes in Mactuff, Sri Lanka. Photo by Conor Ashleigh for DFAT
Tea plantation workers and their families have benefitted from the installation of new toilets at Mactuff village in Sri Lanka.
DFAT
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Tea plantation workers and their families have benefitted from the installation of new toilets at Mactuff village in Sri Lanka. DFAT
Trainee doctors educate people on the health benefits of good hygiene and sanitation in local villages in Timor Leste.
Photo by Dean Sewell, WaterAid.
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Trainee doctors educate people on the health benefits of good hygiene and sanitation in local villages in Timor Leste. Photo by Dean Sewell, WaterAid.
Taking fish to market in Solomon Islands.
Photo by Conor Ashleigh for DFAT
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Taking fish to market in Solomon Islands. Photo by Conor Ashleigh for DFAT
Ganga Pun and her two daughters live in a single room in Pokhara, Nepal.
Photo by Jim Holmes for DFAT
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Ganga Pun and her two daughters live in a single room in Pokhara, Nepal. Photo by Jim Holmes for DFAT
Selling pineapples from a boat on the river, Bangladesh.
DFAT
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Selling pineapples from a boat on the river, Bangladesh. DFAT
Norsup Secondary School students enjoy the shade outside school on Malekula Island, Vanuatu.
Photoby Conor Ashleigh for DFAT
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Norsup Secondary School students enjoy the shade outside school on Malekula Island, Vanuatu. Photoby Conor Ashleigh for DFAT
Scientists work to improve food security in a laboratory at the International Livestock Research Institute in Nairobi, Kenya
Photo by Kate Holt, Africa Practice
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Scientists work to improve food security in a laboratory at the International Livestock Research Institute in Nairobi, Kenya Photo by Kate Holt, Africa Practice
Many groups are working to help rebuild schools and homes damaged during the civil conflict in Sri Lanka.
Photoby Conor Ashleigh for DFAT
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Many groups are working to help rebuild schools and homes damaged during the civil conflict in Sri Lanka. Photoby Conor Ashleigh for DFAT
A polling centre official explains how to vote in the South Sudan referendum.
DFAT
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A polling centre official explains how to vote in the South Sudan referendum. DFAT
Australian Scholarship recipient Commissioner of Police Ioeru Tokantetaake in Kiribati.
Image by Lorrie Graham for DFAT
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Australian Scholarship recipient Commissioner of Police Ioeru Tokantetaake in Kiribati. Image by Lorrie Graham for DFAT
In Vavuniya, Sri Lanka students from local schools participate in celebrations, workshops and games as part of International Peace Day.
DFAT
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In Vavuniya, Sri Lanka students from local schools participate in celebrations, workshops and games as part of International Peace Day. DFAT
A midwife on the motorbike she uses to attend patients in remote communities in southern Myanmar.
Photo by James Howlett, 3DFund.org.
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A midwife on the motorbike she uses to attend patients in remote communities in southern Myanmar. Photo by James Howlett, 3DFund.org.
Students, in national costumes, dance Dabkeh, a Palestinian folk dance, to celebrate the new water and sanitation facilities at their school.
Photo by Ahed Izhiman for UNICEF
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Students, in national costumes, dance Dabkeh, a Palestinian folk dance, to celebrate the new water and sanitation facilities at their school. Photo by Ahed Izhiman for UNICEF
Calma Arcala used a small loan to start a mushroom growing business which now employs five people in the Philippines.
Photo by Opportunity International
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Calma Arcala used a small loan to start a mushroom growing business which now employs five  people in the Philippines. Photo by Opportunity International
At the Independent Centre for Journalism, young East Timorese women and men participate in education and training courses to produce quality news stories.
Photo by J. Vas for DFAT.
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At the Independent Centre for Journalism, young East Timorese women and men participate in education and training courses to produce quality news stories. Photo by J. Vas for DFAT.
Indonesian school girls learning to play cricket.
DFAT
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Indonesian school girls learning to play cricket. DFAT
Rapid urbanisation means people live in crowded make-shift housing with no services along the river in Manila, Philippines.
DFAT
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Rapid urbanisation means people live in crowded make-shift housing with no services along the river in Manila, Philippines. DFAT
A young girl washes cooking utensils outside her home in Nepal.
Photo by Jim Holmes for DFAT.
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A young girl washes cooking utensils outside her home in Nepal. Photo by Jim Holmes for DFAT.
First grade students during class at Norsup Primary School, Vanuatu.
Photo by Conor Ashleigh for DFAT.
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First grade students during class at Norsup Primary School, Vanuatu. Photo by Conor Ashleigh for DFAT.
Students from Kiriwaneliya Singla School in Sri Lanka use recycled material for counting.
Image by DFAT
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Students from Kiriwaneliya Singla School in Sri Lanka use recycled material for counting. Image by DFAT
An economic crisis and cholera outbreak meant many people were dependent on food handouts in Zimbabwe.
Photo by Kate Holt, Africa Practice
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An economic crisis and cholera outbreak meant many people were dependent on food handouts in Zimbabwe. Photo by Kate Holt, Africa Practice
Official discusses farming techniques in a local community, Guizhongliaowang, China.
DFAT
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Official discusses farming techniques in a local community, Guizhongliaowang, China. DFAT
Patients lie in bed at a cholera treatment centre in Zimbabwe.
Photo by Kate Holt, Africa Practice
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Patients lie in bed at a cholera treatment centre in Zimbabwe. Photo by Kate Holt, Africa Practice
Women grow vegetables for their families in a communal garden in Zimbabwe.
Image by Siobhan Jordan, Caritas Australia
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Women grow vegetables for their families in a communal garden in Zimbabwe. Image by Siobhan Jordan, Caritas Australia
Children wait to board a small boat back to Walla Island after attending school on Malakula Island.
Photo by Connor Ashleigh for DFAT.
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Children wait to board a small boat back to Walla Island after attending school on Malakula Island. Photo by Connor Ashleigh for DFAT.
Two Tongan girls keep healthy training to play in a netball competition.
Photo by Connor Ashleigh for DFAT.
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Two Tongan girls keep healthy training to play in a netball competition. Photo by Connor Ashleigh for DFAT.
A student feeds chickens as he learns how to care for them and generate an income kept at his school in Solomon Islands.
Photo by Irene Scott for DFAT
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A student feeds chickens as he learns how to care for them and generate an income kept at his school in Solomon Islands. Photo by Irene Scott for DFAT
A woman installs a bednet above her bed to reduce the chance of being infected with malaria in the Philippines.
Photo by Rowena Harbridge for DFAT
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A woman installs a bednet above her bed to reduce the chance of being infected with malaria in the Philippines. Photo by Rowena Harbridge for DFAT
Young men with disabilities use specially designed wheelchairs to play basketball in Timor-Leste.
Photo by Kathryn Outhred for DFAT
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Young men with disabilities use specially designed wheelchairs to play basketball in Timor-Leste. Photo by Kathryn Outhred for DFAT
Solomon Island women gather for the annual White Ribbon Day march in Honiara to highlight domestic violence in the country.
Photo by DFAT
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Solomon Island women gather for the annual White Ribbon Day march in Honiara to highlight domestic violence in the country. Photo by DFAT
Nama Maya Gurung used finance and training from the Micro-enterprise Development Program to create a business employing and training women in needlework skills, Nepal
Photo by Jim Holmes for DFAT
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Nama Maya Gurung used finance and training from the Micro-enterprise Development Program to create a business employing and training women in needlework skills, Nepal Photo by Jim Holmes for DFAT